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Wallace Roney

Date of birth : 1960-05-25
Date of death : -
Birthplace : Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Nationality : American
Category : Arts and Entertainment
Last modified : 2012-01-16

Wallace Roney is an American hard bop and post-bop trumpeter.Roney began playing in top-notch bands in 1979, recorded with jazz legends Tony Williams and Art Blakey in the mid '80s, and received critical accolades for his performance with Miles Davis at the 1991 Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland. "I think the thing I like the most about Wallace's playing," Wynton Marsalis told Ed Enright of Down Beat, "is the incorruptibility that's in his sound." Like trumpeters Marsalis, Terence Blanchard, Roy Hargrove, and Philip Harper, Roney came to the jazz scene in the 1980s and became known as one of the "young lions."

This articulate and well-dressed group of young men drew their inspiration from earlier styles of jazz, especially hard-bop and post-bop. While the world of jazz sometimes appears seamy to outsiders, the professional demeanor of these young men helped to clean up this negative image. Being a young lion didn't translate into critical or monetary success for Roney, however. Only after endless hard work and a number of lean years would Roney begin to receive wider attention.

Wallace Roney was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on May 25, 1960. By the age of five, he had picked up his first trumpet; at seven, his father bought him his first horn and made sure that he had lessons; at 12, he performed with the Philadelphia Brass Ensemble at the Philadelphia Settlement Music School. In the early '70s he moved with his father and siblings to Washington, D.C., where he was enrolled in the Duke Ellington School for the Performing Arts. He developed a love for Miles Davis, wearing out his 45 RPM record of "Filles de Kilimanjaro" and practicing the master's solos while still in his teens. Upon graduation, Roney declined an opportunity to attend the prestigious Juilliard School, choosing Howard University instead. In 1979 he joined pianist Abdullah Ibrahim's big band for a summer European tour; he toured Europe again in 1980, with Art Blakey. He returned to Boston in 1981, attending the Berklee School of Music until he read in the Village Voice that Marsalis was leaving Blakey's Jazz Messengers. Roney wanted his position. He knew the Messengers would be playing a stint at the Bottom Line in New York City, so for Roney there was only one thing to do: sell everything. "My television, my comic books, school books, my trumpet," he told James McBride of the Washington Post."I had to get to New York that day."

While he did get a job touring with Blakey for a few months, followed by a year-long job with Chico Freeman, Roney also spent years scrounging for work. He lived frugally, sleeping on the floors of friends' apartments and generally "wearing out my welcome," he recalled to McBride. In 1983 his future began to look brighter--at least temporarily. While taking part in a tribute to Miles Davis at the Bottom Line in Manhattan, he actually got to meet his idol. "He [Davis] asked me what kind of trumpet I had," Roney told Time, "and I told him none. So he gave me one of his." Throughout two dismal years in '84 and '85 he was forced to play in Latin dance and reception bands.The New York clubs, once a prominent part of the jazz scene, had mostly disappeared. The skies began to clear in 1986 when Roney received two calls--within one month--to tour with two jazz legends: drummers Tony Williams and Art Blakey.

Roney recorded his debut, Verses, for Muse in 1987. He also became a central part of the Tony Williams Quintet, touring and recording with the group until it broke up in the early '90s. For Roney, 1991 and 1992 proved to be watershed years. First, he received an invitation from Miles Davis to play at his side during the 1991 Montreux Jazz Festival. "I was soloing on 'Springsville,'" Roney told Zan Stewart of the Los Angeles Times,"and after I finished, he [Davis] tapped me on the arm and said, 'Play this tomorrow on the gig.'" The music was later issued as Miles and Quincy, Live at Montreux, won a Grammy Award, and let the jazz world know that Roney had arrived. It led to an invitation to tour with Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter, Ron Carter, and Tony Williams in the Miles Davis Tribute Band in 1992 and to his involvement in a recreation of the "Birth of the Cool" sessions the same year.

While these opportunities certainly raised Roney's profile, they also led to a certain typecasting. The tone and color of Roney's horn has often--perhaps too often--been compared to Miles Davis's. Other jazz musicians have faced similar dilemmas: Sonny Stitt was labeled as another Charlie Parker, John Faddis as another Dizzy Gillespie. "I'm never going to run from Miles," Roney told Fred Shuster of Down Beat. "But writers don't have to introduce me and my music to the audience in the context of Miles every single time." To better understand Roney's music, one has to listen to it against the backdrop of the musical innovations that took place in jazz during the mid 1960s.

With the style generally referred to as post-bop, a number of musicians began inserting open structures and new chord progressions into their music. They utilized unusual time signatures, allowing drummers and bass players to take prominent roles. This shift allowed talented musicians like Ron Carter and Tony Williams to come forward and form their own bands. While these innovations had endless possibilities for exploration, many musicians moved on as fusion began to dominate the jazz scene in the late '60s. From early in Roney's career, he has sought out musicians who have deep roots in hard-bop and post-bop. Roney has simply made the choice, as many of the young lions did, to return to that golden era of the mid '60s in order to further explore its myriad ideas.

In 1994 Roney received a multiple album contract from Warner Bros. Misterios, his debut for the label, found him stretching boundaries by including Brazilian rhythms and strings. He maintained a busy touring schedule, playing dates at the Village Vanguard in New York, Scullers in Boston, and the Jazz Showcase in Chicago. He also traveled to Italy, France, and Portugal for a number of summer festivals. Between recording dates and touring he found time to marry his longtime musical partner, pianist Geri Allen, on May 12, 1995. On 1997's Village, and even more so on 2000's No Room for Argument, Roney began to incorporate ideas from late-'60s fusion. These albums include synthesizers and electric pianos along with saxophone, piano, and trumpet, creating a spacious and layered sound. "We are trying to play in a way that will open up the music," he told Roberta Penn of the Seattle Post Intelligencer concerning his current experiments. His willingness to push boundaries and surround himself with the best contemporary jazz musicians guarantees that Wallace Roney will continue to be a fresh and vital artist.


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