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Eucken Arnold

Date of birth : 1884-07-03
Date of death : 1950-06-16
Birthplace : Jena, Germany
Nationality : German
Category : Science and Technology
Last modified : 2010-05-19

Arnold Eucken born 1884-07-03 in Jena, Germany was a German chemist and physicist.

He was a student and coworker of Nernst in Berlin. He worked on specific heats and quantum effects at low temperatures. PhD 1906, habilitation 1911. In 1915 Eucken was appointed director of the physicochemical institute at the Technische Hochschule Breslau. In 1929 Eucken was appointed director of the Göttingen physicochemical institute. He wrote seminal textbooks on physical chemistry ("Grundriss der physikalischen Chemie", "Lehrbuch der chemischen Physik").

Some keywords of his research areas are: structure of liquids and electrolytic solutions, molecular vibrations, internal rotation, homogeneous and heterogeneous gas kinetics, supercritical solutions, chemical engineering and technology. Among his coworkers were Klaus Clusius, Ernst Bartholomé, Edward Teller, Klaus Schäfer, Hans Sachsse, Franz Patat, Gerhard Damköhler and Ewald Wicke. One of his last PhD students was Manfred Eigen (b. 1927-05-09), winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967.

Eucken died 1950-06-16 in Seebruck (Kr. Traunstein, Chiemsee) at age 65.

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